On 29 February 1996, Australia presented a 102-page document to the Geneva Conference on Disarmament containing a draft treaty inviting negotiators to reach an agreement by June.  On 20 August, India vetoed the original document at the conference and prevented it from going to the UN General Assembly in the form of a conference document. Australia played a key role in continuing the negotiations by asking the UN General Assembly on 23 August to consider a resolution calling on the General Assembly to adopt the draft text and open the Secretary-General to signature. The amended text of the treaty was voted on 10 September 1996, with the majority of states voting in favour (158). The treaty was signed on 24 September and 125 states had signed it by mid-October 1996.  To date, twelve states have yet to sign/ratify the treaty before it can enter into force.  The EU has become a strong supporter of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).  . “Bilateral” refers in this document to the relations between the two international actors: the Australian government and the EU as a political and legal person.
The document will generally not address traditional bilateral relations between Australia and the various Member States, with the exception of Australia`s relationship with the United Kingdom (UK) in the section on a broader historical context.  A list of contracts between Australia and the EU is available at: ec.europa.eu/world/agreements/searchByCountryAndContinent.do?countryId=2131&countryName=Australia, 1 April 2009. See also the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, “Treaties Database”, seen on 1 April 2009, www.info.dfat.gov.au/Info/Treaties/Treaties.nsf/WSearch?OpenForm&Seq=1 Any divergence between Australia and the European Union resulting from the interpretation or implementation of this agreement will be settled exclusively through negotiations between the parties.  EU High Representative Javier Solana, “The Implementation of the European Security Strategy: Security in a Changing World- Declaration on Strengthening International Security, Declaration on Capacity Building” S407/08, report by EU High Representative Javier Solana, in cooperation with the European Commission, 11 December 2008. (1) In order to achieve the objective of strengthening bilateral and multilateral dialogue and cooperation to support common foreign and security policy interests, this agreement applies to classified information covered by Article 2, point a), which is provided or exchanged between the parties.