South Sudanese President Salva Kiir, who oversaw months of difficult negotiations leading up to the August agreement, told the crowd that he was “happy with the agreement” and “proud of the performance” as South Sudan is still recovering from a long conflict. Lieutenant-General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo signed the document on behalf of the Sudanese government [Akuot Chol / AFP] Two powerful rebel groups – but the Darfur-based faction of the Sudan Liberation Movement (MLS), led by Abdelwahid Mohamed al-Nour, and the People`s Liberation Movement of North Sudan (SPLM-N) led by Abdelaziz al-Hilu have not signed the challenges. The signatory parties must now strive to implement the provisions of these agreements as quickly as possible in order to achieve lasting peace in all regions of the country and to promote reconciliation among all the peoples of Sudan. He said that there could be no development without peace and peace without just and equitable development, all of which would contribute to democracy. He added that the country was waiting for the two rebel leaders who did not sign the agreement – Abdel Aziz Helou and Abdel Wahad Nour – to join him. A roadmap agreement signed in March 2016 between the warring parties eased the fighting that allowed a high-level African Union body, chaired by former South African President Thabo Mbeki, to steer peace talks without success after several attempts. The body`s efforts were overwhelmed by the popular protests of December 2018 that led to the impeachment of President Omar Al Bashir in April 2019. South Sudan`s President Salva Kiir attended the summit, which secured Sudan`s independence in 2011 after decades of civil war. The head of Sudan`s Sovereign Council, General Abdel-Fattah Burhan, and his deputy, General Mohammed Hamadan Dagalo, also attended the ceremony.
Dagalo, commander of the rapid paramilitary support forces, signed the agreement with rebel leaders. Cheers erupted when representatives of the government and a coalition of armed groups called the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) signed the agreement on Saturday, a year after peace talks began, at a ceremony in Juba, the capital of neighboring South Sudan. The leader of one of the factions that signed the joint peace agreement, Arko Minawi, stressed that it was a step in the right direction. Sudan`s Interim Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok thanked all the political groups and leaders who joined the peace agreement and ended his country`s bloody 17-year conflict, and invited the other two factions that did not sign the peace agreement to board. France reaffirms its full support for the ongoing democratic transition in Sudan and stands ready to assist the Sudanese authorities in facilitating the successful implementation of peace agreements. He reiterated his appeal to movements that did not sign the 3 October agreements to join the peace process in Sudan and contribute to reconciliation efforts among all the peoples of Sudan. Burhan said it was a great day for the fate of the Sudanese people, because after many years of war, the nation achieved the goal of a revolution – peace – to end the bloodshed and give people a decent standard of living. Kiir also thanked the international community for its “support and encouragement” in mediating the agreement and stressed that “our work is not done and we will not relax until we achieve our aspirations for a peaceful region.” He warned the outside world that Sudan “needs its help and help.” At a ceremony in the South Sudanese capital, Juba, representatives of the transitional government and rebel groups signed the agreement a year after peace talks began at a ceremony in the South Sudanese capital, Juba, according to an AFP journalist at the scene.